From Socrates to Sartre
This book offers a commendable and rousing coverage of the life and works of some of the greatest philosophers to grace the face of the earth. The self-explanatory title influences the sense of covering the endeavors of a number of them. Written by a philosopher, this book offers in depth and shrewd insights that are well explained and easy to understand. This thought-provoking book takes the readers from the commencement of western social order during the times of such people as Plato to today when powerful authority of Marxism prevails on about a third of the earth. Among the major philosophers covered are Socrates, Sartre, Hume and Marx.
Several themes are prevalent in this book. Similarly, there is a great impression that manifests itself upon comprehending the themes. Of interest are the intelligence and high levels of observation portrayed by the philosophers. Status of concepts is a prevalent theme and it comes out in a manner questioning how individuals know them. Concepts are fundamentally the same though the philosophers give them different names. It depends on what one chooses to subscribe. Concepts have different names such as forms. Through keen evaluation of the works of Plato and Socrates, we derive that concepts are also in existence in other worlds. They embed neither in our mind nor in the spatial and temporal realism. Socrates develops a method that aids in knowing the concepts. It is through reasoning by application of the Socratic Method that one knows and understands the concepts.
Aristotle contradicts the whole idea of concepts by implying that they exist in the items that we observe. They are neither in our minds nor in some other nonphysical world . The objects that we interact with through observation are the real initiators of concepts as per Aristotle. It is fallacious to say that a platonic word offers existence of these concepts.
Emmanuel Kant is for the idea that concepts exist in our minds and they trace their existence back to the time we were born. He asserts that they are essential for humans to experience reality.
This book also addresses ethics. The different views on ethics by the philosophers emerge as well as their meeting points when ethics are concerned. The philosophers address ethical principles and their justifications. However, a big chunk of the ethics discussion falls back to the arguments about concepts. The philosophers also address politics by tackling issues such as equality, justice and liberty.
The coverage and handling of issues by the philosophers is praiseworthy. They crate room for scrutiny before coming up with a conclusion. This serves to assure quality of insights as well as offer a platform for application in real situation in current times.